Current national and international health emergencies have shown that responses to such events require multidisciplinary coordination, where the planning moment must be shared by decision makers and the moment of action must be known before the event occurs. Furthermore, a pandemic constitutes a threat to the security of the state; the coordination shared between the State and the Regions and the coordinated management guarantee the harmonization of the measures that will be undertaken. In this scenario, biocontainment is a component of biological risk management that aims to confine an infectious organism in order to reduce potential exposure to third parties. For a management system of a subject with high biocontainment to be virtuous, it needs three characteristics: Security (treatment of patients) – Surety (reliability, guarantee of operation in a very complex and critical environment) – Safety (protection of operators). The materials have been present in the logistic cycle of the Italian Armed Forces since 2007 and in particular are already supplied to the Italian Navy.
These containment systems and all related components are identified with NATO Stock Number (NSN) or each refueling item is inventoried and the continuous availability of spare parts, assistance and maintenance as well as interoperability with all I countries are guaranteed. The materials are the fulcrum of the training actions of biocontainment teams on the management techniques of subjects with certain or suspected carriers of critical infected and diffusive forms, of which they represent the dedicated structures for both field and sedentary biocontainment and bioexclusion, according to operational protocols already validated by the Ministry of Defense. There is also an already consolidated doctrine of employment, associated with training and certification formulas for technical operator personnel. To this end, INMM® has created a specific training course aimed at all operators who, for various reasons, are involved in the management of biocontainment procedures, called HEALTH BIOSAFETY TRAINING.